In Thailand, the share of 2/3-wheelers is decreasing steadily. While in 2004 2/3-wheelers accounted for 67.4% of the total number of passenger cars and 2/3-wheelers, their share has decreased to 60.5% in 2013[1]. Another interesting fact is that the rail network density is the highest among the five TCC partners with 60.2 km per million capita in 2013[2].

The Transport and Climate Change project (TCC) closely collaborates with the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) under the Ministry of Transport (MoT) and the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE).

68,414,135 (January 2018) [3]
Urban population
33.6% of total population (2015) [4]
GDP per capita (current USD) [5]
US$ 2,111.1 (2015)
Transport CO2 emissions (Mt) [6]


Number of vehicles in 2013 [7] (growth compared to previous year)

40 790 84 (16%)

Motorisation rate

380 vehicles/ 1000 inhabitants [8]

Country Activities

In Thailand, during phase I (2012-2015), the project focussed on two levels. First, the project comprised sector-wide measures and second, the project activities targeted specific sectors. The activities on the former level include (1) the support of the nationwide sustainable transport policy and (2) the support of the improvement of the monitoring system in the transport sector. The distinguished output of this activity was the stocktaking report which collected transport and climate data and policies in Thailand. The activities on the latter level aimed to support selected sustainable transport policy measures and their MRV system.

In the second phase (2016-2018), TCC activities in Thailand focus on 3 major topics; 1) policy gap analysis 2) fuel efficiency policy and 3) MRV system development for the land transport sector.

In addition, TCC is supporting the development of Thailand´s NDC for the transport sector.

For more information, please contact our country coordinator for Thailand Ms Gessarin Gunthawong.

[1] CIA World Factbook: Thailand, URL: last checked 16/10/2016
[2] ASEAN Japan Transportation Partnership (2014): Rail Transport 2013:, last checked on 14/07/2015.
[3] Source: CIA World Factbook: Thailand, URL: last checked 16/10/2016
[4] Source: CIA World Factbook: Thailand, URL: last checked 16/10/2016
[5] Source: World Bank Data (2016)
[6] Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2016, URL: last accessed 16/10/2016
[7] Vehicles include passenger cars, freight vehicles, motorcycles and buses.
[8] Source: Monitoring transport GHG emissions in Thailand, 2016, URL:
[9] Source: OICA Motorization rate 2014, URL: