For the 40+ participants from 9 ASEAN member states (AMS), the 3rd Forum of the ASEAN Fuel Economy Platform was an intense day of learning, sharing, and advancing the regional momentum on fuel economy. The biannual Forum, which took place on 28th November in Manila, is a space for continuous learning where the fuel economy policymaking community in ASEAN can tap into the knowhow of experts and peers and gives input to the development of a regional roadmap.
As a group, AMS together are among the world’s biggest car markets. Yet, the rest of the world is ahead of ASEAN in terms of fuel economy. The average new car in ASEAN consumes around 7.2 liters for 100km, whereas the world average is 7L/100km (6.8 L/100km for OECD countries). Furthermore, in major auto markets like US, EU, China, India, or Japan regulators have set fuel economy goals for the future which car makers must meet. No AMS has put in place yet such binding fuel economy goals. Without the introduction of stringent and regionally coordinated fuel economy policies, the AMS risk to remain a low technology vehicle market and to miss the opportunity to reduce fuel use, air pollution, and national oil bills.
However, the momentum for fuel economy policies grows in the region. In many AMS, consumer information programs (e.g. fuel economy labels) or fuel economy related fiscal incentives for car buyers are under consideration, being developed, or already in place or being improved.
In her welcome remarks on behalf of the Philippine Government, Atty. Mercy Jane Paras-Leynes from the Land Transportation Office said: “Significant and important work is being done yet much more still remains to be done. We urge everyone’s continued support and participation in the ASEAN’s programs and initiatives on fuel economy; our success largely depends on everybody pitching in, from the governments of the ASEAN to the private sector to development agencies to the academe to the ordinary citizen. After all, everyone is a stakeholder, either directly or indirectly.”
In order strengthen this momentum through regional collaboration, the 3rd Forum set out and achieved three objectives:
Objective 1: Improve the collective knowledge of fuel economy in ASEAN through open debates, sharing of lessons learned, and the exchange of solutions. Two examples presented at the forum were from the Philippines, the forum’s host country, which is developing regulations for a fuel economy labelling scheme for passenger cars and reforming its excise tax system for vehicles. Participants also learned how Thailand is a pioneer in the region with its CO2-based vehicle tax.
Objective 2: Gather the inputs of stakeholders on the goals and recommendations of the draft “ASEAN Fuel Economy Roadmap for the Transport Sector”, which focuses on LDVs and is based on a mandate from ASEAN’s Kuala Lumpur Strategic Plan 2016-2025. Forum participants expressed broad support for the proposed goals, and made numerous suggestions on how to further improve them.
Objective 3: Increase coordination and cooperation among stakeholders from government and research for the advancement and implementation of fuel economy policies in the region. Among the Forum participants were seven academic experts from the International Research Group (IRG) on Fuel Economy which has been established under the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies in September 2017 with a view to advance policy-relevant research in this area. The Forum provided an opportunity to gather concrete ideas for the research plan of the IRG.
A full report of the Forum discussions will be made available soon on this website.
The presentations and other material from the workshop are accessible below.
- Agenda of the 3rd Forum of the ASEAN Fuel Economy Platform
- Welcome Remarks, Mercy Jane Paras-Leynes, Land Transportation Office
- Improving Fuel Economy of Light Duty Vehicles – Focus on Asia, Bert Fabian, UN Environment
- Energy and Environmental Impacts of the Excise Tax Reform for New Vehicle Registration, and Transport Fuels in the Philippines, Kathleen Dematera, Clean Air Asia
- Philippines Energy Efficiency and Conservation Roadmap, Mark Angelo Tacderas, Clean Air Asia / Art P. Habitan, Department of Energy
- ASEAN Fuel Economy Roadmap – Current Status, Friedel Sehlleier, GIZ TCC (presentation is available by request)
- Fuel Economy Measurements – Malaysia and Beyond, Dr. Horizon Gitano-Briggs, Focus Applied Technologies
- International Research Group on Fuel Economy and Clean Fuels and Vehicles, Dr. Karl Vergel, University of the Philippines