Fuel Efficiency

Advancing Fuel Economy Labelling and EURO IV Emission Standards for Passenger Vehicles in Vietnam

Hanoi, 26 July 2017 – The Department of Environment (Ministry of Transport of Vietnam)  in cooperation with TCC organised a workshop to discuss Euro IV emission standards and vehicle labelling in Vietnam. Around 60 participants, representing Ministry of Transport (MOT), Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), as well as manufacturers and academia actively participated in the workshop.

During the first part of the workshop, Ms. Zifei Yang (GIZ’s invited expert speaker from the International Council on Clean Transportation) provided a brief global overview of the emission standards in which more and more countries are introducing stringent pollutant emission standards. This implies changes to vehicle technologies for gasoline vehicles, especially for diesel vehicles. Some recommendations have been proposed in order to implement the emission standards roadmap in Vietnam, such as: 1) Euro IV can be achieved by a combination of mature in-cylinder engine control and after treatment technologies and 2) to really drive technology adoption, especially for diesel vehicles, a leap-frog from Euro IV to Euro VI is highly recommended to effectively control PM and NOx real world emissions.

In addition, representatives from Weichai and Eco-Dream (two leading engine technologies manufacturers in Asia) shared experiences in regulating emissions standards in China and Korea respectively with a focus on Euro IV technologies to control the emissions of NOx, PM, CO, and CO2. They also discussed the pros and cons of two different technologies, Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (ERG), which can be applied to achieve Euro IV emission regulation.

The second half of the workshop was dedicated to presenting the international experiences on vehicle labelling and implementation of labelling for passenger cars in Vietnam. Ms. Zifei Yang began with an introduction concerning the lessons learnt from best practices of Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Labelling Schemes (VFEL). She stressed the importance of the FE label as it can raise consumer awareness as well as positively influence technology investment strategies from the private sector. In addition, the label can enable other policies such as fuel economy standards and fiscal policy incentives, which in the end will promote vehicle fuel economy.

Mr. Phong, Deputy Director of the Department of Vehicle Quality Management (Vietnam Register) then gave a brief overview of the labelling implementation in Vietnam while also presenting a draft circular on the expansion of labelling for passenger cars with 8-9 seats. The proposal will be submitted to the Minister of MOT for approval at the end of 2017 and will be effective from January 1st, 2018.

During the discussions, issues about real-world driving emissions tests were discussed and clarification were requested for Euro IV technologies. There were also discussions and exchanges surrounding the emissions standards roadmap and technology applications in different countries. On labelling, the Department of Environment and Vietnam Register expected to receive feedback from the audiences during the process of drafting the proposal.

The workshop was closed by Mr. Tien who thanked all participants for attending the meeting and contributing to the discussions. He concluded that the workshop had highlighted the importance of more collaboration between the government, the manufacturers, and academia in order to protect the environment in general and to achieve a more effective implementation of the emission standards roadmap and vehicle labelling in Vietnam. Following up on the workshop, GIZ-TCC will continue to provide support to the Ministry of Transport for fuel economy policy activities, e.g. to develop a fuel economy baseline for passenger cars and motorcycles; and to implement motorcycle FE labelling, which will then contribute to moving forward fuel efficiency policy in Vietnam.

Ms. Zifei Yang addressing questions during discussion session
Ms. Zifei Yang addressing questions during discussion session